Caution should be taken when temperatures rise and animals are outside. Provide adequate shade and water for animals that are outdoors regularly. Even with cracked windows animals should not be left in the car for more than several minutes as temperatures can quickly climb into triple digits when exposed to direct sunlight. If you suspect that your pet is experiencing heat exhaustion or heat stroke, contact your veterinarian or an emergency veterinarian immediately, and begin the cooling process by applying wet towels to the surface of your pet’s skin.


With the 4th of July fast approaching, care must be taken to prepare your pets that experience anxiety/stress/fear from fireworks and large crowds. Minimizing stress levels by avoiding exposure, desensitizing some animals to stimuli over time, and sedatives when necessary are multiple strategies to cope with these situations.

Another concern during times of holiday celebration involves the accidental ingestion of leftovers and garbage. Limiting access to human food and properly disposing of waste materials in a timely fashion are the most surefire ways to prevent a vomiting dog or cat from having to go to the emergency room later that night.

External and Internal Parasites

Fleas and ticks are active year round in temperate climates like California, but they do become more noticeable in warmer weather as both they and their food source (animals and people) become more active in the great outdoors. Fleas, ticks and other external parasites (such as mosquitoes and biting flies) can also transmit blood borne diseases like heartworms, Lyme’s disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Ehrlichiosis, etc.

Most of these diseases are much easier to prevent than to treat, therefore preventing the carriers from biting your pet is the most effective method at preempting these problems. Commonly used parasiticides that kill heartworms include Heartgard and Trifexis. Heartgard also kills intestinal parasites like roundworms and hookworms while Trifexis also kills fleas and whipworms, roundworms and hookworms. Topical parasite prevention can be achieved using products like Advantix, Revolution and tick collars. Regardless of the method used, it is also essential to check your pet after being outdoors for tag-along critters, especially towards the end of the month when the kill rate of these products becomes less effective.